Ana Sayfa | Dergi Hakkında | Yayın Kurulu | Bilimsel Danışma Kurulu | İçindekiler | Arşiv | Yayın Arama | Yazarlara Bilgi | İletişim  
2015, Cilt 29, Sayı 2, Sayfa(lar) 061-066   
Melike DEMİR1, Halide KAYA1, Hadice SELİMOĞLU ŞEN1, Mahsuk TAYLAN1, Süreyya YILMAZ1, Ayşe DALLI2, Beyhan YILMAZ3, Özlem ABAKAY1
1Dicle Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Göğüs Hastalıkları Anabilim Dalı, Diyarbakır, Türkiye
2İzmir Katip Çelebi Üniversitesi Atatürk Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi, Göğüs Hastalıkları Anabilim Dalı, İzmir, Türkiye
3 3Dicle Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, KBB Anabilim Dalı, Diyarbakir, Türkiye
Keywords: Skin prick test, allergic asthma, allergic rhinitis

Introduction: Skin-prick test (SPT) is used as a quite fast, easy and cheap method in detecting allergens for atopic diseases. In this study, it was planned to evaluate the relationship between allergens determined by the SPT and total serum IgE (T.IgE) levels and to examine the frequency of allergens in our region.

Material and Methods: One thousand seven hundred and ninety one patient with allergic asthma and/or rhinits applied Dicle University Medical Faculty Department of Chest Diseases policlinic between January 2009 and December 2013 who had been made SPT were evaluated retrospectively in terms of the clinical features,the result of skin prick test and the level of T.IgE.

Results: One thousand seven hundred and seventy seven (%60.1) of 1791 patients who were included study were female and 714 (39.9%) of them were male. At least one or more positive response to the allergen was established in 722 (40.3%) of these patients. The positivity of allergy test was higher than in the men (44.5%) compared with women (37.5%) (p = 0.002). The most frequent allergens determined in SPT respectively were grass pollens, (70.3%), wheat pollens (46.5%) and tree pollens (46.1%). Women were more sensitive than men to the cat and dog epithelium (p = 0.023, p = 0.036) The positivity of SPT in patients with high levels of total serum IgE was seen statistically significantly more frequent than patients with normal levels of total serum IgE (p <0.001).

Discussion: Findings showed that meadow and wheat pollens were the most common allergens in Diyarbakir region.