Ana Sayfa | Dergi Hakkında | Yayın Kurulu | Bilimsel Danışma Kurulu | İçindekiler | Arşiv | Yayın Arama | Yazarlara Bilgi | İletişim  
2019, Cilt 33, Sayı 1, Sayfa(lar) 015-023   
THE DETERMINATION OF RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LEVELS OF DEPRESSION, HOPELESSNESS AND ANXIETY IN SMOKING ADDICTS
Burcu ÇAYKARA1 Rujnan TUNA2, Zuhal Aydan SAĞLAM3, Halime Hanım PENÇE4
1İstanbul Medeniyet Üniversitesi, Tıp Fakültesi Fizyoloji Anabilim Dalı, İstanbul, Türkiye
2İstanbul Medeniyet Üniversitesi, Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Sağlık Yönetimi Anabilim Dalı, İstanbul, Türkiye
3İstanbul Medeniyet Üniversitesi, Göztepe Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi, Aile Hekimliği, İstanbul, Türkiye
4Sağlık Bilimleri Üniversitesi, Tıp Fakültesi, Tıbbi Biyokimya Anabilim Dalı, İstanbul, Türkiye
Keywords: Anxiety, depression, hopelessness, smoking

Aim: Smoking dependence is one of the most important health problems of nowadays. It adversely affects human health and causes fatal outcomes. The study was conducted to determine the levels of anxiety, hopelessness and depression in smoking addicts and to reveal the relationship between smoking addiction, anxiety, hopelessness and depression.

Material and Methods: The study was conducted with 109 addicts who applied to a smoking cessation unit in a state hospital in Istanbul between 01.05.2017-01.11.2017. Data were collected via the Data Form, Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence Test, Beck Depression Inventory, Beck Anxiety Inventory, Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale, and the Beck Hopelessness Scale. The data were analyzed with the IBM SPSS Statistics 22.0 package program. Descriptive and nonparametric tests and correlation analyzes were used in the analysis of the data.

Results: The sample consisted of 78.9% male and 21.1% female. The mean age of the sample was 37.10±11.32, the average number of cigarettes consumed per day was 22.74±11.81 and the duration of smoking was 19.84±11.59 years. In the study, it was determined that smoking addicts had normal hopelessness, minor and mild anxiety, mild depression and moderate smoking addiction. Also, age and gender were statistically significant to smoking effect (p˂ 0.05).

Conclusion: There was a significant correlation between smoking, depression, addiction and hopelessness (p˂ 0.01). It may be advisable to organize training programs aimed at reducing the anxiety, depression and hopelessness levels of smoking addicts.